An unsustainable management of water and land resources, socio-economic inequality, and badly timed government policies created a volatile situation with widespread socio-economic vulnerability to drought. These are factors that can be controlled on a national level, and had the problems with water stress in Syria been addressed earlier we might have seen a less severe impact of the drought.
Ramia did not rejoice when universities were inaugurated, because she would not put effort into obtaining a degree only to have this effort gone down the drain, with no official recognition of any of the degrees offered by public universities in Idlib.
National and international NGOs – and national and international community – have totally failed in finding the solution for former Yugoslavia. One of the reasons is that after the war the international community made the devil’s pact with well-known war criminals.
Guernica 37 lawyers Almudena Bernabau and Maite Parejo speak to SyriaUntold about the labyrinth of limitations on universal jurisdiction in national Spanish legislation.
ِAlaa waits for long in front of the records room at the Recruitment Division. He restlessly watches other students withdraw from the ordinary queue, talk to one of the privates, passing them a thousand-pound bill to be moved to the expedited queue. Alaa only has a few hundred pounds on his person, barely enough to go to university, buy some coffee and then go home.
The first step was to understand the needs and feelings of the interrogator. Dania and her inquisitor were like two people standing on opposite banks of a river, separated by murky waters that neither of them could understand. As he was the one in the position of power, she was the one who had to try to reach the other bank.
Eugenio Dacrema analyses the variables of Chinese involvement in the Syrian reconstruction. Silently and calmly, Syria and the Middle East are likely to become soon much more Chinese than they ever used to be.
“A little bird told me” is a phrase we were all used to hearing when we were young. Our parents would say it whenever we had tried our hardest to hide something from them, and particularly something to do with school. We never imagined that one day we would grow up to discover that the little bird was real and not imaginary at all. With all the people being detained and forcibly ‘disappeared’, I came across many little birds carrying news to the families who were desperate to hear even a single word in order to ease the pain in their hearts. Hind Majalli was one of these little birds.
There remain several challenges for the regime in reaching political and economic stability and securing funds for reconstruction. Some of these challenges are rooted in the internal contradictions and the nature of the regime as a patrimonial state and its need to satisfy divergent interests of actors who played an important role in supporting it, especially militias and crony capitalists.
There is no doubt that local councils have filled a huge gap following the retreat of the state. But there are still many obstacles that challenge their work, some stemming from limited support, others from the lack of experience, and from traditional and anti-democratic patterns of thought.